Guo Xi (ca. 1010 - ca. 1090) painted this large hanging scroll (158.3 x 108.1 cm) in 1072. If you download the image, you can magnify it to see its remarkable details. It is painted in "floating perspective", as opposed to the single fixed perspective usually employed in Western painting. The scroll is to be found in the National Palace Museum in Taipei.
This painting is a social and political allegory. (At least this was how it was represented to the Emperor.) The huge central mountain represents the Emperor, and proceeding from the bottom the various social classes and occupations are represented, illustrating the social hierarchy.